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EU approves legislation to make batteries more durable and sustainable

By Cookie Monster - on 18 Jun 2023, 11:10am

EU approves legislation to make batteries more durable and sustainable

The EU Parliament passed a new law to make batteries more sustainable, more durable, and better-performing.

Batteries sold in the EU will have to be more durable, more sustainable and better performing in the future.

The EU Parliament recently approved legislation on the design, production and waste management of all types of batteries sold in the EU. 

A compulsory carbon footprint declaration and label is required for electric vehicles batteries, light means of transport (LMT) batteries (e.g. electronic scooters and bikes), and rechargeable industrial batteries with a capacity of above 2kWh. They also need to have a digital battery passport. For portable batteries in appliances, companies have to design them in a way that consumers can easily remove and replace them.

When it comes to waste collection for batteries, the EU is enforcing stricter targets for each category:

  • Portable batteries - 45% by 2023, 63% by 2027, and 73% by 2030
  • LMT batteries - 51% by 2028 and 61% by 2031

The EU is also implementing minimum levels of materials to be recovered from waste batteries: 

  • Lithium - 50% by 2027 and 80% by 2031
  • Cobalt, copper, lead and nickel - 90% by 2027 and 95% by 2031

For new batteries, they need to use these minimum levels of recycled content from manufacturing and consumer waste: 

8 years after the entry into force of regulation

  • 16% for cobalt
  • 85% for lead
  • 6% for lithium 
  • 6% for nickel 

13 years after the entry into force of regulation

  • 26% for cobalt
  • 85% for lead 
  • 12% for lithium
  • 15% for nickel 

Source: EU Parliament

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